Franck, Joseph (1825-83; Belgian), after Devaux, Eugène (1822-1914; Belgian)
S.A.I. et R. la Princesse Charlotte, impératrice du Mexique
Acquired by 1894
Present location unknown 

Charlotte (1840-1927), daughter of King Leopold I of Belgium and sister of Leopold II, married her cousin, Archduke Maximilian of Austria, in 1857.

In 1864, Maximilian was installed by Napoleon III as Emperor of Mexico, recently invaded by the French, and Charlotte took the name Carlota. However, the French almost immediately withdrew; Charlotte returned to Europe, making unsuccessful attempts to enlist support from others; and Maximilian was captured and shot in Mexico in 1867. For his execution , which horrified Queen Victoria and others, see Manet’s well-known painting (Kunsthalle, Mannheim, 1868-69; and other variants and studies).

In precarious health (she allegedly went insane), Charlotte lived the rest of her life in Trieste and then Belgium, as “Her Imperial Majesty Empress Charlotte of Mexico, Archduchess and Princess of Austria, Princess Royal of Hungary, Bohemia and Croatia, Princess of Belgium, Princess of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, Duchess of Saxony.”

This print was apparently produced in 1867 after a portrait made at the time of her marriage in 1857.

See also * Baugniet Léopold Prémier, roi des Belges {by 1894} Loc? [PR]; * Warnots (?) after Ghémar & Severin Léopold I, roi des Belges 1856 {by 1865} Loc? [PR]; and * Unknown after Ghémar Frères: Léopold II & Marie-Henriette of Belgium {by 1894} Loc? [PR].

[comparative photo: another impression]


NGV 1894, p.105 (V.Buvelot Gallery, 1st bay, no.83) 

For the impression shown here, see (after a painting said to be in the Musée de la Dynastie, Brussels). For Charlotte, see e.g.; and Linda MacNayr, “Situating Charlotte” (PhD, Queen’s University, Ontario, 2008), available online; an impression of the present print is reproduced as fig.3.8, p.122. MacNayr also reproduces and discusses various other portraits of Charlotte, by Gallait (Buckingham Palace, 1846), Winterhalter and others

For Devaux, see Bénézit 14, p.76 (listed as Vaux); andène-devaux/ (reproducing other works). For Manet’s painting, see e.g. (discussing studies and variants in London and elsewhere)