Warnots, E. (active 1840s-50s; Belgian) (?), after Ghémar, Louis Joseph (1819-73; Belgian) and Severin, Robert (1839-after 1883; Belgian?)
S.M.Léopold Ier, roi des Belges 1856
Lithograph, c.29 x 21.3 (sheet)
Presented by the king, by 1865
Unidentified; present location unknown

This print is listed in the NGV’s 1894 catalogue as lithographed by Simonau and Toovey after a drawing by Ghémar.

However, the inscriptions on another impression, in the British Royal Collection (reproduced below), help to provide more accurate details: “Lith par Warnots d’après la Photographie de Ghémar & Severin… Imp.Simonau & Toovey… Bruxelles, J.Géruzet éditeur.”

Ghémar worked initially as a draughtsman and lithographer, subsequently turning to portrait photography, like his famous friend Nadar (1820-1910).

In 1854, Ghémar opened a photographic studio with Severin in Antwerp, transferring to Brussels in 1856. The present lithograph, also probably drawn by Warnots (about whom little is known), and printed by Simonau & Toovey, was based on a studio portrait taken on the occasion of the Belgian king’s silver jubilee in 1856 (see Hannavy 2008).

For another lithographed portrait of Léopold I (1790-1865), with further details on the sitter, see * Baugniet Léopold Prémier, roi des Belges {by 1894} Loc? [PR].

See also Unknown after Ghémar Frères: Léopold II & Marie-Henriette of Belgium {by 1894} Loc? [PR].

[comparative photo: impression in the British Royal Collection]

Refs. 

NGV 1894, p.103 (V.Buvelot Gallery, 1st bay, no.72) 

For the impression reproduced here (Royal Collection, RCIN 612103), see https://www.rct.uk/collection/612103/s-m-leopold-1er-roi-des-belges (with date and other details as shown above, including dimensions). For information on Ghémar and Severin, see the entry on Ghémar by Steven Joseph in John Hannavy (ed.), Encyclopedia of Nineteenth-Century Photography, Vol.1 (A-I), Routledge, 2008, pp.588-90 (available through Google Books). See also the entries on Ghémar in AKL 52 (2006), pp.493-94 (noting that he and Severin had a photographic atelier in Brussels from 1860), and Bénézit 6, p.103

For Brussels printers Gustave Simonau (1811-70) & William Toovey, and publisher Jules Géruzet, see https://www.britishmuseum.org/research/search_the_collection_database/term_details.aspx?bioId=162359, noting that Toovey was the brother of British painter Edwin Toovey: see now * Toovey Flamborough Head {1875} Loc? [PA]. The British Museum catalogue also provides some sketchy details on Warnots, about whom little else appears to be recorded (he is not listed in Bénézit)